Blue Tourism

Year: 20th June 2019
Promotor, developer and coordinator: eco-union
Strategic support: Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations
Funder:  ADEME Agence de l’Environnement et de la Maîtrise de l’Énergie
Citation: Tonazzini, D., Fosse, J., Morales, E., González, A., Klarwein, S., Moukaddem, K., Louveau, O. (2019) Blue Tourism.

Towards a sustainable coastal and maritime tourism in world marine regions. Edited by eco-union. Barcelona. 

Coastal and maritime tourism (CMT) has become a major economic sector for countries with accessible and attractive coastlines. However cruises, resorts and even ecotourism are activities with critical environmental and social impacts on natural resources and local communities. In addition, oceans and littorals are increasingly coveted spaces as strategic resources for states and businesses as they sustain a large part of the world population and global economy. Hence, coastal and maritime tourism, as part of the blue economy, is facing emerging challenges at local and global level that deserve closer attention. In particular, the interlinkage of tourism with sustainability commitment such as the Paris Agreement or the Agenda 2030 and its Sustainable Development Goals needs to be well assessed and understood.

In this context, this report intends to understand and define better the ecological impacts of coastal and marine tourism in the Mediterranean, the Caribbean, the North East Atlantic, the South Pacific Ocean, and the Western Indian Ocean, the  major global marine regions, in order to disseminate field learnings and develop common policy recommendations for policy-makers, tourism stakeholders and other relevant institutional and civil society actors.